First Time User? Sign Up Now
First Time User? Enroll now.
Home > Health Library > Twin-to-twin transfusion
Twin-to-twin transfusion is a condition that can develop in two or more fetuses who share the same placenta. In this condition, abnormal blood vessels develop in the placenta and move blood from one twin to another.
The risks of twin-to-twin transfusion include stillbirth of one or both twins or severe complications in one or both twins after birth.
When blood shifts from one fetus (the donor) through the placenta to the other fetus (the recipient), the donor twin may:
The recipient twin may:
Twin-to-twin transfusion is suspected when a fetal ultrasound shows a lot more amniotic fluid around one twin than the other.
Treatment can include amniocentesis to remove excess amniotic fluid. After birth, the donor twin may require a blood transfusion while the recipient twin may need to have some blood removed. Both twins may need treatment for heart failure.
Current as of:
May 29, 2019
Medical Review:Sarah A. Marshall, MD - Family Medicine & Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine & Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine & William M. Gilbert, MD - Maternal and Fetal Medicine
To learn more about Healthwise, visit Healthwise.org.
© 1995-2019 Healthwise, Incorporated. Healthwise, Healthwise for every health decision, and the Healthwise logo are trademarks of Healthwise, Incorporated.
UNC Medical Center
101 Manning Drive
Chapel Hill, NC 27514
UNC Health Care Citrix
UNC Medical Center Intranet
Copyright 2019 UNC Health Care. All rights reserved.