nelfinavir

Pronunciation: nel FIN a veer

Brand: Viracept

Viracept

slide 1 of 3, Viracept,

250 mg, oblong, blue, imprinted with VIRACEPT, 250 mg

Image of Viracept
slide 1 of 3
    

Viracept

slide 2 of 3, Viracept,

625 mg, oval, white, imprinted with V, 625

Image of Viracept
slide 2 of 3
    

Viracept

slide 3 of 3, Viracept,

250 mg, oblong, blue, imprinted with VIRACEPT, 250 mg

Image of Viracept
slide 3 of 3
    

What is the most important information I should know about nelfinavir?

Tell your doctor about all your other medicines. Some drugs should not be used with nelfinavir.

What is nelfinavir?

Nelfinavir is an antiviral medicine that is used to treat HIV (human immunodeficiency virus). HIV can cause acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). Nelfinavir is not a cure for HIV or AIDS.

Nelfinavir is for use in adults and children at least 2 years old.

Nelfinavir may also be used for purposes not listed in this medication guide.

What should I discuss with my healthcare provider before taking nelfinavir?

You should not use nelfinavir if you are allergic to it, or if you have moderate or severe liver disease.

Some drugs should not be used with nelfinavir. Your treatment plan may change if you also use:

  • alfuzosin;
  • cisapride;
  • rifampin;
  • sildenafil (Revatio for pulmonary arterial hypertension);
  • St. John's wort;
  • amiodarone or quinidine;
  • lovastatin or simvastatin;
  • lurasidone, pimozide;
  • oral midazolam, or triazolam; or
  • ergot medicine --dihydroergotamine, ergotamine, ergonovine, methylergonovine.

Tell your doctor if you have ever had:

  • liver disease;
  • kidney disease;
  • diabetes; or
  • a bleeding disorder such as hemophilia.

Nelfinavir oral powder contains phenylalanine and could be harmful if you have phenylketonuria (PKU).

To prevent HIV in a newborn baby, use all medications to control your infection during pregnancy. Your name may be listed on an antiviral pregnancy registry.

Nelfinavir can make hormonal birth control less effective, including birth control pills, injections, implants, skin patches, and vaginal rings. Use barrier birth control to prevent pregnancy: condom, diaphragm, cervical cap, or contraceptive sponge.

Women with HIV should not breastfeed. The virus can pass to your baby in your breast milk.

How should I take nelfinavir?

Follow all directions on your prescription label and read all medication guides or instruction sheets. Use the medicine exactly as directed.

Take with food.

Swallow the nelfinavir tablet whole.

If you cannot swallow a whole tablet, dissolve it in a small amount of water. Stir and drink this mixture right away. Add a little more water to the glass, swirl gently and drink right away.

Mix the oral powder in a cup with a small amount of water, milk, baby formula, soy milk, or a liquid dietary supplement. To avoid bitter taste, do not mix the powder with acidic liquids such as orange juice, apple juice, or applesauce.

Drink all of the mixed powder right away. If a child taking this medicine doesn't finish the entire dose, you may store the mixture in a refrigerator for up to 6 hours.

Doses are based on weight in children. Your child's dose may change if the child gains or loses weight.

Use all HIV medications as directed. Do not change your dose or stop using a medicine without your doctor's advice. Remain under the care of a doctor.

You will need frequent medical tests.

Store at room temperature away from moisture and heat.

What happens if I miss a dose?

Take the medicine as soon as you can, but skip the missed dose if it is almost time for your next dose. Do not take two doses at one time.

Get your prescription refilled before you run out of medicine completely.

What happens if I overdose?

Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.

What should I avoid while taking nelfinavir?

Using this medicine will not prevent your disease from spreading. Do not have unprotected sex or share razors or toothbrushes. Ask your doctor how to prevent HIV transmission during sex. Sharing drug or medicine needles is never safe.

What are the possible side effects of nelfinavir?

Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction: hives; difficulty breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.

Call your doctor at once if you have:

  • low white blood cell counts --fever, mouth sores, skin sores, sore throat, cough;
  • high blood sugar --increased thirst, increased urination, dry mouth, fruity breath odor; or
  • if you have hemophilia --easy bruising, unusual bleeding (nose, mouth, vagina, or rectum), purple or red pinpoint spots under your skin.

Nelfinavir can affect your immune system (even weeks or months after you've used this medicine). Tell your doctor if you have:

  • signs of a new infection --fever, night sweats, swollen glands, cold sores, cough, wheezing, diarrhea, weight loss;
  • trouble speaking or swallowing, problems with balance or eye movement, weakness or prickly feeling; or
  • swelling in your neck or throat (enlarged thyroid), menstrual changes, impotence.

Common side effects may include:

  • low white blood cell counts;
  • nausea, diarrhea, gas, stomach pain;
  • loss of appetite;
  • rash; or
  • changes in the shape or location of body fat (especially in your arms, legs, face, neck, breasts, and waist).

This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.

What other drugs will affect nelfinavir?

If you also take didanosine, take your nelfinavir dose (with food) 1 hour after or more than 2 hours before you take didanosine.

Many drugs can affect nelfinavir, and some drugs should not be used at the same time. Tell your doctor about all other medicines you use. This includes prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Not all possible interactions are listed here.

Where can I get more information?

Your pharmacist can provide more information about nelfinavir.

Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use this medication only for the indication prescribed.

Every effort has been made to ensure that the information provided by Cerner Multum, Inc. ('Multum') is accurate, up-to-date, and complete, but no guarantee is made to that effect. Drug information contained herein may be time sensitive. Multum information has been compiled for use by healthcare practitioners and consumers in the United States and therefore Multum does not warrant that uses outside of the United States are appropriate, unless specifically indicated otherwise. Multum's drug information does not endorse drugs, diagnose patients or recommend therapy. Multum's drug information is an informational resource designed to assist licensed healthcare practitioners in caring for their patients and/or to serve consumers viewing this service as a supplement to, and not a substitute for, the expertise, skill, knowledge and judgment of healthcare practitioners. The absence of a warning for a given drug or drug combination in no way should be construed to indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective or appropriate for any given patient. Multum does not assume any responsibility for any aspect of healthcare administered with the aid of information Multum provides. The information contained herein is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. If you have questions about the drugs you are taking, check with your doctor, nurse or pharmacist.

Copyright 1996-2022 Cerner Multum, Inc. Version: 15.01. Revision date: 10/11/2021.

Your use of the content provided in this service indicates that you have read, understood and agree to the End-User License Agreement, which can be accessed by End-User License Agreement, which can be accessed by clicking on this link.