HIV Viral Load (RNA PCR)

Tube Type

Test ID   LAB878
EPIC Order
  HIV RNA, Quantitative, PCR
CPT Code(s)   87536
Group/Individual Test   Individual
Laboratory   Molecular Microbiology
Tube Station   30
Specimen Routine: One full 6 mL blood Pink Top EDTA;  See Important Comments
Micro: If <18 months old, one purple top EDTA tube.
Availability Routine: Performed 2-3 times per week
Turnaround Time   3-5 Days
Reference Range Normal: Not Detected
Linear Range = 40 - 1,000,000 copies/ml (1.60-6.00 LOG10 copies/ml)
Deliver Immediately.  Must be received and processed in Laboratory within 6 hours of collection.  Not a Diagnostic Test. For use on known HIV Positive patients only.  HIV-1 quantification by real-time RT-PCR is performed using the Abbott RealTime HIV-1 test.  This test is FDA approved and can quantitate HIV-1 RNA over the range of 40-10,000,000 copies/mL (1.60 log(10)-7.00 log(10) copies/mL).  The upper limit of quantification was verified in this laboratory at 1,000,000 copies/mL (6.00 log(10) copies/mL).
This test requires a dedicated specimen, and cannot be added-on to specimens already in the laboratory.
This test is NOT FDA approved for the diagnosis of HIV in pediatric patients. Additional testing should be ordered as clinically indicated.

Reviewed by jcarr on December 08, 2021

Note: Reference ranges provided on this web site are for guidance only, and may not reflect the most recent changes. Refer to laboratory reports for current reference data.

UNC Hospitals
McLendon Clinical Laboratories
101 Manning Drive
Chapel Hill, NC 27514